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THE CAUDLES OF ANSON COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA

CHAPTER 6

RICHARD CAUDLE

FATHER: ABSALOM CAUDLE, SR.

MOTHER: ELIZABETH MANESS

 

 

RICHARD CAUDLE

Born: March 1, 1798 in Anson County

Married: Margaret Catherine (Katy) White, daughter of George White

Died: Between 1869-1870 in Anson County

MARGARET CATHERINE (KATY) WHITE

Born: around 1800 to George White, Sr. (son of Joseph White, Sr.) and unknown

Mother.

Married: Richard Caudle around 1815

Died: After 1870

 

Based on my research, descendants of James Carson Caudle are also direct descendants of Joseph White, Sr. through our paternal great, great grandmother, Margaret White. In so stating, I am defying all previous genealogical research that I have thus far seen.

My rationale for doing so

 

Some genealogical research gives Margaret’s surname as "Wilkins" instead of "White." However, information recorded in the Deed Books strongly implies that Margaret’s father was George White, Sr. The 1800 U.S. Census lists George White as living in close proximity to Absalom Caudle, Richard’s father, increasing the likelihood that Richard and Katy knew each other throughout their childhood years.

1800 U.S. Federal Census

 

Rationale for stating Margaret Catherine White as Richard’s wife: I have gone through each U.S. Federal Census for Anson County from 1790 to 1860 and found very few Wilkins. Deeds for Anson County list Samuel Wilkins in 1748, John Wilkins in 1761, Joseph Wilkins in 1765, and Elijah Wilkins in 1828. Census for 1790 lists no Wilkins … evidently the Wilkins families mentioned in the Deeds (with the exception of Elijah Wilkins) have moved out of Anson County as they do not appear in any of the future Census reports. The 1800 Census lists only the Kinchen Wilkins family consisting of two adults (age 45 +) and one female child between 10-15 yrs. of age. The 1810 & 1820 Censuses lists the Elijah Wilkins family; however the wife is either deceased or much younger than Elijah. The possibility of Richard choosing a wife from the Wilkins family would be limited to what appears to be the eldest daughter caring for her younger siblings or one of three children under the age of 10 in 1810 (Richard was age 12 in 1810). From 1830 on, Jane Wilkins is listed as head of household. This limits Richard’s choices of a wife from the Wilkins family to 3 possibilities. Not impossible, but unlikely. Richard is married with four children by the 1820 Census. A possible source of confusion is that Richard’s brother, Thomas Jefferson Caudle, married Margaret (Aga) Wilkins. This fact is verified by a 2/15/1910 newspaper article in The Monroe Journal … posted in the section on Thomas Jefferson Caudle in the chapter entitled "Absalom Caudle, Sr."

In contrast, the White family was very much in evidence in Anson County by the time the 1790 census was taken. Their influence helped to mold Anson County history. Further evidence may appear in the fact that only one Wilkins (Mary Frances Wilkins who married Joseph D. Moore) is mentioned in the book entitled Anson County Heritage, which contains the family histories of numerous families in Anson County.

Based on my research, I maintain that Richard’s 1st wife was Margaret White, daughter of George White, Sr. The deeds listed below link Richard with the George White family and are worded in the format of a family selling portions of their inheritance from the father. A dower is most likely involved. Legally, any portion of a dower to be sold must involve the consent of both husband and wife. The land sold to Elias Preslar on 1/13/1824 (see deed below) uses the language of a dower share being sold … "Richard Caudle and wife Margaret" sell lands of George White, deceased.

Examples of the complete deed for selling dower shares may be found at the end of the chapter entitled "James Carson Caudle." Both James and his sister, Margaret (Bratty) sold their dower shares inherited from Lucy Ann Moore to their half-uncle, Darling Russell Moore. Both husband and wife must be involved by giving their consent and signing the deed of sale. As in the case of Lucy Ann Moore, death of the wife/mother/grandmother means the dower shares are inherited by the children.

******

Dower: "That portion of a deceased husband’s real property (land and the buildings on it) that a widow is legally entitled to use during her lifetime to support herself and their children. Where it still exists, the dower right attaches to the land as soon as it comes into the husband’s possession; for that reason it cannot be defeated by a conveyance of the land by the husband in his lifetime unless his wife joins in the deed."

Source: The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition 2006

******

Richard may have been married twice. His wife is listed as Margaret on the deeds. The 1850 U.S. Federal Census lists Richard’s wife as Catherine. The 1860 Census lists Richard as "Reich" and his wife as "Kate." In viewing the names on census reports, I found that "Richard" was not a common name during the 1st half of the 1800s, at least not in Anson County. Each time Richard Caudle is listed, the census also reveals him living in close proximity to his father and/or one of his siblings. Absalom Caudle, Sr. was the first and only Caudle to migrate to Anson County in the 1700s. He is the Father of the Caudle Family in Anson County. Therefore, I maintain that each time a Richard Caudle is listed, regardless of the variance of information on the census report, it refers to one and the same Richard Caudle. I have seen the name combination "Margaret Catherine" elsewhere in Anson County records, so it is possible that Richard’s one and only wife was named Margaret Catherine and called "Kate or Katy." Both Richard and Catherine’s ages vary on the census reports, a fact not unusual—the census takers appeared unable to ascertain exact, correct information. Therefore, I lean toward thinking that Margaret Catherine White was Richard’s 1st and only wife and was born around 1800 to George White, Sr.

George White, Sr. was the son of Joseph, Sr. & Margaret Leech White. Medley, in her History of Anson County, N.C. lists Joseph White as among the 1st to receive a land grant in Anson County. Joseph was granted land along the Savannah Creek in 1746. Information regarding Joseph and George White contradicts and needs further verification. Based on the date of the Savannah land grant, the most likely birth year for Joseph White, Sr. is 1696 in Ireland. Joseph immigrated from Ireland to Pennsylvania with Moses White, his father, in 1722. Religious persecution was a major motivation for immigrating. (Moses remained in New Castle, Delaware where he taught school until his death in 1735. Source: Patricia White Bittner’s RootsWeb site) Arriving in America in 1722 would give Joseph time to meet and marry Margaret Leeth, who was born on 3/31/1735 in New Castle, Delaware, (Source: Boone White’s Rootsweb site) and to migrate to Anson County, N.C. by 1746. Medley states that Joseph White was named a justice of the peace for the county in 1748 and that he acted as sheriff until the 1st official sheriff of Anson County could be named. Joseph thereby played a major role in the formation of a government for Anson County (pages 17-18). At that time, a Justice of the Peace did just that—kept the peace within a community. Joseph was an attorney by profession. His great grandson, Joseph White, Jr., was the owner and operator of White’s Store located in the "fine antebellum community" of what is now known as White’s Store (page 247).

Tombstone for Colonel Joseph White, Great Grandson of Joseph White, Sr.

Unmarked cemetery located in the woods between White Store and Peachland, N.C.

 

 

At the time we were photographing the tombstone, the Sun was glaring on it. Researchers of the White Family of White’s Store will find valuable historical information on the stone.

 

Source: Deed Book B, Page 240 – Deed Abstract for 4/23/1748 – Joseph White and wife Margaret to Samuel Wilkins – all of Anson County – 300 acres in Parish of St. George, Anson County, on south side of Great Pee Dee, at mouth of Savannah Creek. Signed: Joseph White, attorney – 1752, William White, David White, & Stephen White. (Another example of the dower language in a deed. The dower applied the moment the land grant was given to Joseph, thus Margaret must be involved in the selling of that land.)

By 1818, George White, Sr. is deceased. Genealogical information on George White, Sr. is also confusing. I base my information regarding George, Sr. on the Deed Abstracts listed below. We may assume that among his children were George White, Jr. who lived in Bedford, Tennessee, and Margaret White Caudle, who lived in Anson County with her husband, Richard. George, Sr.’s wife is not mentioned in the Deeds. She is obviously deceased before 1818 when her children begin to sell their share of inherited land. The dower part of her husband’s lands could not be sold without her consent or prior to her death.

See end of this chapter for a more detailed narrative regarding the Joseph White family history.

 

DEEDS

Deed Book 5, page 55 – 11/25/1818 states George White of Bedford, Tennessee sells Richard Caudle his share of the lands of George White deceased … Land is on Brown’s Creek, Lane’s Creek, and Beaver Dam Creek. Witnesses: Thomas White and Edward G. Lynch.

Deed Book 5, page 3 – 1/28/1822 states William Fisher & wife Elizabeth sell Richard Caudle inherited land of wife from the father of wife, George White deceased. William Fisher and wife are in Perry County, Tennessee. Witnesses: Francis D. Hamm and Daniel White.

Deed Book 5, page 301 – 4/16/1823 – Richard Caudle sells to William A. Morris land brought from George White who inherited it from his father George White, Sr.

Deed Book 5, Page 86 – 1/13/1824 states "Richard Caudle to Elias Preslar … Richard Caudle and wife Margaret sell lands of George White, deceased. Witnesses: W.A. Morris and James Horn.

Deed Book 12, page 192 – 11/9/1837 states Absalom Caudle to Richard Caudle 19 ½ acres south side of Lane’s Creek. Witnesses: Berry Caudle and Hardy Haney.

Deed Book 12, Page 203 – 12/14/1839 – Hardy Haney to Richard Caudle 50 acres ajoins Boggan and Caudle. Hardy Haney is acting as power of attorney for Hezekiah Haney living in Henderson County, Tennessee.

Deed Book 15, page 687 – 10/1/1858 – October court Anson County, Division of

lands of William Caudle now deceased. William Caudle, son of Absalom Caudle, Sr. died around 1858.

#1 – to Jesse Caudle – 51 ¾ acres adjoining Sampson Caudle, Daniel Preslar, and Edmund Davis. To inherit, Jesse Caudle must pay certain monies to Jefferson Caudle, Sampson Caudle, Richard Caudle, Mary Manus, and to children of Elizabeth Haney.

#2 – Jefferson Caudle – 40 acres adjoining Beacham and Sampson Caudle.

#3 – Children of Elizabeth Haney – 53 acres on Lane’s Creek adjoining Sampson Caudle.

#4 – Sampson Caudle – 41 acres.

#5 – Richard Caudle – 42 acres.

#6 – Absalom Caudle, Jr. heirs – 42 acres adjoining Beachum. Mary Manus to get some money from sale of property.

#7 – Rebecca Mullins children – 42 acres adjoining Benjamin Pounds. Some money to Mary Manus, from sale of property.

#8 – Mary Manus – 43 acres adjoining Beachum. Proved in court by Pete May, Isaac Williams, Benjamin K. Pounds, C.C. Blackwell.

Deed Book 22, page 2 – March 17, 1871 – Sale of lands of Richard Caudle by Isaac M. Williams to John C. Caudle – 121 ½ acres on Spring Branch, Caudle’s Branch, and adjoining Alfred Caudle, William Sinclair and others. Registered 2/4/1882.

"Absalom [Caudle, Sr.] moved to Anson County, N.C. from Bladen County shortly after the Revolutionary War ended. He had received a land grant there on Lanes Creek (now called Caudle Branch). Before his death he had amassed substantial landholdings there. The property is located between Peachland and Polkton, N.C. about 2 miles north. It abuts Highway 218 on the west side of Lanes Creek. Three Caudle families continue to live on the property. They are probably descendants of his [Absalom] son Richard [James Carson’s grandfather]. The old home place remains. The original was destroyed by fire in the early 1900s, but was rebuilt. The original chimney is a part of the house. It isn’t lived in, but is used by Anson County Caudles for special events, including Christmas."

Source: Genealogical Notes of Dr. William R. Caudle of Tampa, Florida

Refers to a period in the early 1970s when the Caudle

home place was reserved for family use, but not

occupied on a full time basis.

CHILDREN OF RICHARD & MARGARET CAUDLE

By 1820, Richard is married with 4 children under the age of 10 … 2 boys and 2 girls. He and his wife are shown as being between the ages of 16 & 26.

1820 U.S. Federal Census

 

The 1830 U.S. Federal Census lists Richard as married with one child, a boy under age 5. Richard is listed as being between 30–40 years of age; his wife is listed between between 20–30 years of age. Some of the 4 children present in the 1820 census may be deceased or their lack of identification by name may be census error.

1830 U.S. Federal Census

 

By 1840, Richard is listed as having 1 boy under age 10 and 4 girls under age 15. Without the names of family members, it is difficult to piece together a viable picture of the family.

 

1840 U.S. Federal Census

 

Names of family members were included beginning with the 1850 U.S. Federal Census; although even then, members could be omitted by error. In the 1850 census, Joshua and Edmund are not listed; they are listed in the 1860 census. Thus, the constant need for verification in genealogical research.

 

1850 U.S. Federal Census – no Edmund or Joshua

 

1860 U.S. Federal Census

 

By 1870, the family circumstances have changed drastically. Richard is now deceased. Edmund is married with a small child (as shown elsewhere in the 1870 U.S. Federal Census). The 1860 census listed Richard’s family in the Diamond Hill district. In 1870, Catherine and her family are listed back in Lanesboro. Richard appears to have owned land in both districts. In 1870, Catherine is living with her two sons, John C. and William Harrison. William is married to Sarah Rosa and their daughter, Margaret, is 2 years old.

1870 U.S. Federal Census

 

Deed Book 22, Page 2 dated March 17, 1871 indicates the sale of lands owned by Richard Caudle to John C. Caudle. The transaction is conducted by Issac M. Williams and involves 121 ½ acres on Spring Branch, Caudle’s branch, and adjacent to land owned by Alfred Caudle, William Sinclair, and others. Registered on 2/4/1882.

 

By the 1880 U.S. Census, Catherine is deceased and William Harrison is listed back in Lanesboro with his wife, Sarah Rosa and their 4 children, including James Carson Caudle. William Harrison is very likely living in the home place to which James Carson returned after having worked as a child laborer in Great Falls Cotton Mill in Rockingham, N.C. following the death of both William Harrison and Sarah Rosa in 1882-1883. The home place burned in 1934 and was rebuilt by James Carson and his two sons, Lee and Ashe.

1880 U.S. Federal Census

 

Due to the burning of birth and marriage records at the Anson County Courthouse during the Civil War, no information on most of Richard Caudle’s children is readily available. Richard Caudle’s family has not been thoroughly researched by genealogists on site in Anson County, rendering out-of-state research more difficult. Descendants of Richard’s children can do much to bring into clear focus his life and family. Additions to my information are most welcome.

 

I. SARAH CAUDLE

Born: around 1830

II. WILLIS (WILKIE) CAUDLE

Born: around 1835

III. ELIZABETH CAUDLE

Born: around 1837

Married: Married Emory Wesley German

Died: 9/16/1915 in Anson County, N.C.

Buried: in the front yard of Emory & Elizabeth’s home place in Peachland.

Emery Wesley German was born 3/5/1835 in Wadesboro, N.C.

He served in Company K, 43rd Regiment of the N.C. State Troops during the Civil War. Emery died on 6/26/1919 in Peachland, N.C.

Alternative spellings for German are Jarman, Jerman.

Possibly Elizabeth Caudle & Emory Wesley German

Photos contributed by Larry Hamilton – Elizabeth’s great grandson.

 

 

Allison’s birth certificate also verifies Elizabeth marriage to Emery.

 

1900 U.S. Federal Census

 

The 1900 U.S. Federal Census reveals Elizabeth and Emery live next to her brother, Edmund D. Caudle in Lanesboro.

1900 U.S. Federal Census

 

 

Children of Elizabeth Caudle & Emery Wesley German

(1) James Vernon Jarman (German)

Born: 10/18/1859 in Anson County, N.C.

Married: Martha Jane "Mattie" Baucom

Died: 6/1/1929

Buried: Mt. Moriah Cemetery n Chesterfield County, South Carolina

 

James’ wife, Martha Jane, died on 7/11/1897. She is buried in Mt. Moriah Cemetery in Chesterfield County, South Carolina.

(2) Mary C. German

Born:4/2/1866

Married: ______Horne

Died: 1/18/1911

Buried: in the front yard of Emory & Elizabeth’s home place in Peachland.

(3) John S. German

Born: 4/16/1869

Died: 5/8/1927

Buried: in the front yard of Emory & Elizabeth’s home place in Peachland.

John probably never married. According to the 1910 U.S. Census, he continued to live with his parents as a single man.

John S. German

 

(4) Allison Darling German

Born: 9/26/1872 (delayed birth certificate)

Died: 4/25/1946

Allison married Julia Preslar, born on 4/26/1896 to Harvey Washington & Samantha Jane Jackson Preslar. Julia died on 10/7/1933. Both Julia and Allison are buried in the front yard of Emory & Elizabeth’s home place in Peachland.

 

Child of Allison Darling & Julia Preslar German

(a) Robert Wesley Washington German

Born: 3/8/1927

(b) Allison Darling German, Jr.

Born:

Died: 9/12/1943 while serving in World War II

Ila Mae German

Born: 7/8/1918

Married: Bill Franklin High, who was born on 3/17/1915.

Died: 2/15/2002

Bill Franklin died 12/15/2001. Ila Mae & Bill are buried in the front yard of Elizabeth & Emory’s home place.

 

 

Continuation – Children of Elizabeth & Emery German

(5) Drusilla C. German

Born around 1875

Married: Drusilla never married.

Died: 7/9/1950

Buried: Peachland Cemetery

 

Robert German

Born: around 1878

(7) Sarah E. German

Born: 7/16/1881

Married: Willie Clayton Jackson on 8/6/1913 in Anson County, N.C.

Died: 8/14/1961

Buried: Peachland Cemetery

Willie Clayton Jackson was born on 8/29/1880 and died on 4/8/1922. Willie is buried in the Jackson-Carpenter Cemetery off German Hill Road near Peachland.

Children of Sarah E. German & Willie Clayton Jackson

Faye Elizabeth Jackson

Born: 7/7/1914

Died: 11/7/1914

(b) Twins – Tommy & Johnny

Still born on 9/12/1915

(c) Annie Martelia Jackson

Born: 11/28/1916

Died: 9/22/2001

Annie Martelia Jackson

Contributed by Larry Hamilton – Annie’s son

 

(d) Mary Catherine Jackson

Born: 10/13/1918

Died: 5/27/1955

(e) Clyde Thomas Jackson

Born: around 1920

Died: 1997

Billie Jackson

Born: 10/21/1922

Married: ________Kiker

Died: 3/24/2007

Buried: Peachland Cemetery

Billie was named Willie Clayton after her father who died shortly before she was

Born. She had her name changed to Billie because she thought it was more feminine.

 

Siblings

Sarah German Jackson, Allison Darling German, & Drusilla German

Photo contributed by Larry Hamilton – Sarah’s grandson

Back Row: John S. German, Edmund D. Caudle or Emory Wesley German

Front Row: __________, Margaret Covington Caudle, _________, Sarah E. German, __________, Drusilla German

Photo contributed by Larry Hamilton – Help with identification would be most welcome.

 

IV. JOSHUA CAUDLE

Born: about 1842

 

***V. EDMUND D. CAUDLE

Born: 4/12/1842 Edmund & Margaret Caudle

Photo contributed by Larry Hamilton – great

grandson of Elizabeth Caudle German

Married: Margaret J. Covington, daughter of James Melton & Eliza A. Covington of

Diamond Hill, N.C. (Anson County)

Military Service: Edmund served as a Private during the Civil War in the 43rd Regiment,

Company K.

Died: 11/2/1929

Buried: Caudle-Covington Cemetery on the Polkton-Peachland Road.

Margaret J. Covington was the daughter of James Melton & Eliza A. Maske Covington. She was born on 8/21/1849 and died on 11/26/1913. She is buried in the Caudle-Covington Cemetery on the Polkton-Peachland Road. Margaret’s father, James Melton Covington was born on 10/12/1820 and died on 9/19/1895. Her mother, Eliza A. Maske, was born on 8/14/1832 and died on 11/20/1887.

Source: Great Granddaughter, Lexie Virginia Caudle

Edmund & Margaret J. Covington Caudle were the grandparents of Ernest (who married Fannie Mae Caudle, daughter of James Carson Caudle) and Lula Caudle (who married Calvin Lee Caudle, son of James Carson Caudle).

For the rest of the James Carson Caudle descendants, they would be great uncle and aunt.

1850 U.S. Federal Census – Diamond Hill

 

1870 U.S. Federal Census

 

For additional information on Edmund, see the chapter entitled "Edmund

D. Caudle Family."

 

VI. JOHN C. CAUDLE

Born: 1842

Married: Harriet Jane _________

Deed Book 22, page 2 – March 17, 1871 – Sale of lands of Richard Caudle by Isaac M. Williams to John C. Caudle – 121 ½ acres on Spring Branch, Caudle’s Branch, and adjoining Alfred Caudle, William Sinclair and others. Registered 2/4/1882.

Children of John C. & Harriet Jane Caudle

1. Mary C. Caudle

Born: around 1875

2. Margaret E. Caudle

Born: around 1876

3. Hattie L. Caudle

Born: around 1878

4. Annie L. Caudle

Born: around 1880

5. Victor Caudle

Born: around 1890

Married: Eula ______ Caudle (born around 1895)

 

Children of Victor & Eula Caudle

(1) John Mason Caudle

Born: 8/28/1917 in North Carolina

Married: Wife’s name unknown

 

Military Service: Served in the U.S. Army during World War II – enlisted on 10/9/1942 "for duration of war, plus 6 months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise

according to the law."

Died: 4/7/1989 in Rowan County, N.C.

John Mason Caudle was living in Rowan County, N.C. when he enlisted in the Army in 1942, at age 25. His enlistment paper states that he had a grammar school education and that his civilian profession was Cook. John returned to Rowan County after the War. Although his death certificate gives Rowan as his residence, he died in Cabarrus County in 1989, at the age of 71. John was married, but the name of his wife is not given.

(2) William Lester Caudle

Born: around 1919

 

1880 U.S. Federal Census

Continuation of John C. & Harriet Jane Caudle’s children:

6. Harvey E. Caudle

Born: around 1891

7. Addie Caudle

Born: around 1893

Married: Charles Preston Ross – they had numerous children.

 

Child of Addie & Charles Preston Ross

Herbert Hoover Ross

Married: Sarah Ellen Griffin, daughter of Bertha Caudle

 

1910 U.S. Federal Census – John (E.) should be John C. Caudle

 

 

The 1910 Census lists Addie Caudle as John C. Caudle’s daughter, born around 1893. Addie married Charles Preston Ross. One of their younger sons was Herbert Hoover Ross, who married Sarah Ellen Griffin, the daughter of Bertha Caudledaughter of James Carson Caudle. James Carson’s father, William Harrison, was brother to John C. Caudle.

 

Page 631 of Vol. 16 of the North Carolina Birth Index, 1800-2000

1920 U.S. Federal Census

According to the 1920 census, John C. & Harriet Jane remain in Burnsville. Their son, Victor, and his family live with them. The listed age for John C. should be around 77, rather than 70. Jane is listed as around 10 yrs. younger than her husband, John, in both the 1880 and 1910 census reports.

VII. ELLEN D. CAUDLE

Born: 1844

***VIII. WILLIAM HARRISON CAUDLE

Born: 1846

Married: Sarah Rosa Moore, daughter of ______________ and James Moore

Died: 1822

Buried: James Moore Cemetery, near Polkton, N.C.

William Harrison & Sarah Rosa Caudle were the parents of James Carson Caudle.

For more information on William & Sarah Rosa, see the chapter entitled "William Harrison Caudle."

IX. MARGARET CAUDLE

Born: 1849

Married: J.F. Mullis on June 19, 1871 in Anson County, N.C. J.F. was the son of

Benjamin and L.A. Mullis.

Source: Marriage License – lists Margaret as the daughter of Richard and Katy Caudle.

ANCESTORS OF MARGARET CATHERINE WHITE

 

The following summary of the White Family History was drawn from the research of Lyle & Jack Scholten on RootsWeb.com. Further verification is always wise, but not the object of my research for the Caudle family.

Generation # 1. Sir John White (Whyte)

Born: Around 1511 in Farnham, Surrey County, England.

Died: 6/9/1573 in Farnham.

John White was knighted in 1614 and given the estate at Isyngton in Southampton County. His father was Robert White (Whyte), born in 1454 in Farnham.

Generation # 2. Sir John White, II

Born: around 1555 in Farnham, England

Died: around 1645 in Inverarey, on Lock Fyne, Argyll, Scotland.

John White, II was knighted 1640-41 at Culver Hall. He later became Lord Mayor of London. John, II was the father of Adam White.

Generation # 3. Adam White

Born: around 1627 in Inverarey, on Lock Fyne, Argyll, Scotland

Died: around 1708 in Bushmills, Antrim County, Ireland

Buried: Presbyterian Cemetery in Bushmilles.

Adam White graduated from Glasglow University in Scotland. He attended the university from 1645 to 1648 and graduated with a Masters of Art Degree. "In 1654, he became a minister at Laggen Presbyterian Church at Fammet, Co., Donegal, Ireland.

In 1661, he was evicted from his church, as a result of a charge by the King of England, of conducting services contrary to the customs of the Church of England. He and 12 other ministers were removed from their positions in the church in a trial in 1662. He was confined to jail at Lifford in 1664. It is thought that his son, Moses, was born in 1665 shortly after he began his confinement. Son, Hugh, was probably born one year after his release, about 1671. Adam was pardoned by the King in 1670. By 1672, he was minister of Ardstraw, in Co., Tyrone, Ireland. Oppression of the Covenanters began again, so in 1668 he had to flee to Scotland. In 1690, King William agreed to a law to establish the Church of Scotland under a Presbyterian system. In 1692, he returned to Ireland and became a minister at Bushmilles, Co., Antrium, Ireland. He died in 1708 at Bushmilles, Co., Antrim, Ireland."

Passage quoted from Lyle & Jack Scholten’s web site.

Historical Note: The experiences of Adam White are an excellent example of the methods used by the church hierarchies to maintain control and avoid an open-minded search for Truth by ministers and parishioners. Adam served only 6 years in prison for daring to change the customary worship service. Church history is filled with bloody stories of men and women who dared to think independently in their search for Truth. Adam got off easy; many were burned at the stake or were tortured in any number of grotesque ways. Their "heretical" books were burned. John McCollum (ancestor of Joyce Brooks McCollum’ former husband, Roger) was also a Covenanter; he was banished to America from Scotland.

Galileo, born in 1564, was a great inventor, experimental philosopher, and astronomer. Galileo invented the telescope, resulting in numerous scientific discoveries, some of which confirmed that the Earth orbits around the Sun. Although he wrote a series of articles attempting to reconcile his discovery with the codified Christian faith, his work was to no avail. In 1615, a group of 11 theologians pronounced Galileo’s belief in heliocentric theories absurd, heretical, and contrary to Scriptures. In 1633, a papal court sentenced Galileo to prison. Galileo recanted belief in the Copernican theory that the Earth moves around the Sun and was placed under house arrest in the custody of a friend for the remainder of his life.

Passage taken from my book, A New Age Christian.

Heretical - Webster’s Dictionary defines "heretical" as that which is characterized by departure from accepted beliefs or standards.

Because—even in the 21st century—the threat of being declared a "heretic" continues to hang over the heads of all Christian ministers and parishioners, it is important to note that the definition of heretical does not mention Truth, only that it departs from the accepted beliefs. The reading of just one church history book will awaken you to the fact that the "accepted beliefs" are those beliefs that groups of men

(1500 years ago) determined to be acceptable to all Christians. The motive: to maintain control and power for the church hierarchies. Our omnipresent God of absolute Love places no limits on our search for Truth.

The fear of being declared a heretic has frozen the capacity of Christians to joyfully explore all facets of Truth … to obey the command of Jesus in Luke 11:9-10: "So I say to you, Ask, and it will be given you; search, and you will find; knock, and the door will be opened for you. For everyone who asks receives, and everyone who searches finds, and for everyone who knocks, the door will be opened.

I salute you, Adam White … ancestor of the Richard Caudle family … for daring to seek!

Generation # 4. Moses White

Born: in 1665, shortly after his father’s imprisonment in 1664. He was born in Donegal

County, Ireland.

Died: 3/12/1735 in New Castle, Delaware

Moses immigrated to America before 11/4/1722. His nickname was "Old Moses." He brought with him his wife, Eleanor Lawson, who was born around 1670 in Donegal County, Ireland. They married in Ireland in 1703 and had 6 children before they immigrated to America. The children were:

 

David White

Born: 1803 in Donegal County, Ireland

Mary White

Born: around 1708 in Donegal County, Ireland

*** Joseph White

Born: around 1710 in Ireland

James White

Born: around 1711 in Donegal County, Ireland

Jane White

Born: around 1712 in Donegal County, Ireland

John White

Born: 1719 in Donegal County, Ireland

 

Moses was a schoolmaster in New Castle, Delaware. Moses, his brother Hugh, and their families are registered as "new arrivals" on the 11/4/1722 Presbyterian Church record. They settled first in Nishaminy, Pennsylvania; but soon moved on. Moses went to New Castle, Delaware around the end of 1722. Hugh went to the western part of Chester County, Pennsylvania, approximately 50 miles from New Castle.

Generation # 5. *** Joseph White, Sr.

Born: around 1710 in Ireland

Married: Joseph married at least three times.

1st – Margaret Leech before 1746. 10 of Joseph’s 11 known children

were most likely born to Joseph & Margaret.

2nd – Elizabeth _______ before 1755. Lydia was most likely born to

Elizabeth & Joseph.

3rd – Sarah _________ before 1807.

Died: 2/11/1808 in Anson County, at the age of 112.

Source: Raleigh Register and the N.C. State Gazette – the 11/2/1808 issue.

Joseph White, Sr. was among the Presbyterian Covenanters that chose to immigrate to the colonies from Ireland and Scotland in order to establish their own community in an atmosphere of religious freedom.

Source: "White Store," The State, February 1993 issue.

In 1745-6, Joseph settled on the upper Pee Dee in Anson County. He established the Pee Dee River Irish Settlement in the vicinity of what is now Wadesboro and assisted in the formation of its government.

Source: Anson County Heritage

Joseph White was an attorney by profession. He was listed as a Captain of the Brown Creek Company in 1770. Like another of our ancestors, Benjamin Caudill, Joseph White, Sr. was a Regulator. He was the 43rd person to sign the "Regulators Document"—a document sent to King George II by concerned citizens eager to have the corruption of the royal government expelled from their lives. By the time the colonies actually declared their independence and the Revolutionary War began, Joseph White had relinquished the title of captain and enlisted as a private in Stevenson’s Company of the 10th Regiment.

Source: A Line of Whites, by Jack D. White, Sr. and as quoted by Lyle & Jack Scholten.

"White Store," The State, February 1993 issue.

Children of Joseph & Margaret White

Joseph White, Jr.

Born: 1736 in New Castle, Delaware

David White

Born: around 1736 in Anson County, N.C.

John White

Born: around 1737 in Anson County, N.C.

James White

Born: around 1738 in Anson County, N.C.

Mary White

Born: around 1739 in Anson, N.C.

*** George White, Sr. – great, great, great maternal grandfather to the Richard

Caudle descendants.

Born: around 1740 in Anson County, N.C.

Died: before 1818

William White

Born: around 1741 in Anson County, N.C.

Zachariah White

Born: around 1742 in Anson County, N.C.

Josiah White

Born: around 1743 in Anson County, N.C.

Robert White

Born: around 1748 in Anson County, N.C.

 

Child of Joseph & his 2nd wife, Elizabeth White

Lydia White

Born: 1759 in Anson County, N.C.

1790 U.S. Federal Census for Fayette District in Anson County

reveals a cluster of the White Family

 

In 1790, George White, Sr., as head of household, is living with 1 son under age 16 and 2 white females age 16 and over. George White, Jr. is living in Tennessee by 1818.

Joseph White, Sr. owned 5 slaves in 1790. The White family tradition must have been to treat slaves as members of the family. Shortly after the Civil War, the 1870 U.S. Federal Census reveals an aged descendant of Joseph White, Sr. (Colonel Joseph White, who was born in 1795) living in what appears—on the surface—to be the household of a black family. The head of household is listed as Leonard Phillip – age 45, whose occupation is "domestic servant." The 75 yr. old white male, Colonel Joseph White, is listed last, with the occupation of farmer. Martha, black female - 19 yrs. old - works on the farm. Margaret, a black female - 11 yrs. old – is a domestic servant and caring for 3 yr. black female Millie.

1870 U.S. Federal Census for White Store District

 

Taking into account that, shortly after the Civil War, the census worker would automatically choose to talk with the elder white male in the household, it seems Colonel Joseph White has purposefully turned over the position of "head of household" to Leonard Phillip. 1870 is the first census in which slaves were listed by name. Heretofore, they were listed as in the 1790 census above—indistinguishable within a group number under the category of "Slaves." It seems Colonel Joseph White has honored his domestic servant by listing him "head of household" in the 1st census ever to give Leonard a name as an individual human being.

******

 

Deed Book C - #1, Page 209 – 10/28/1755 in Anson County – recording 500 acres land granted to Joseph White on 9/26/1746.

Deed Book B, Page 240 – 4/23/1748 in Anson County – Joseph White and wife Margaret to Samuel Wilkins – all of Anson County – 300 acres in Parish of St. Georges, Anson County on south side of Great Pee Dee, beginning at mouth of Savannah Creek.

Signed: Joseph White, Attorney – 1752, William White, David White, & Stephen White. Land sale involves Margaret’s dower land – she is involved.

 

Anson County Deeds, Vol. C-1, Pages 1-2 – April 17-18, 1755 – Joseph White and wife Elizabeth to John Lynn of Anson County … 643 acres on south side of Waxham Creek, adjoining Joseph White’s line. Signed: Joseph White, Elizabeth White – an example of wife’s dower share of the land being sold with her involvement.

Deed Book C - #1, Page 176 – 11/7/1759 in Anson County – to Joseph White, Sr. … 100 acres south side of Pee Dee.

Deed Book 2, Page 191 – 2/21/1805-7/1807 – Joseph White … wife Sarah

Sons: George, John, Henry, Reuben, James, Joel, Isaiah, &

Zachariah White. Also son – Joseph White of

Georgia.

Daughters: Agnes Harrell, Jemima Shepherd

Grandsons: Joseph & Joel White

 

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The Caudles of Anson County, NC

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